Changing lives in the UK

Find out what happened when these school kids visited a Sport Relief project to see how the money they’re raising will make a difference here in the UK.

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Gold mining in Ghana

Driven by poverty, children all over the world have to undertake dangerous work to support their families. Start the slideshow and listen to the audio to find out more.

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Gold mining in Ghana

Daniel is just one of over 10,000 children in Ghana who have to work in informal gold mines in order to survive. Daniel digs, by hand, pits and tunnels that can be about three metres deep and one meter wide.

When I get to the mine, I go inside the pit, dig out the earth with a friend and carry it to the water to sieve it and wash it.

Gold mining in Ghana

Tools such as pick axes and shovels are used to dislodge soil, which is collected in tin bowls.

The most dangerous tool is the pick axe and I have cut my leg with it. The heaviest is the shovel, and the pan hurts your head

Gold mining in Ghana

The heavy bowls, weighing up to 10kg, are carried to the water to be panned. Children carry these bowls to the water up to 20 times a day.

When I go down to the water I have to stir the sand and gradually I separate the stones and the sand until I can see whether there is gold.

Gold mining in Ghana

Children pan for gold at the water’s edge. They lower the bowls into the water and shake them from left to right. This causes the gold, which is heavy, to sink to the bottom of the pan. The soil at the top, which is lighter, is swept away.

Sometimes the stones cut your feet and you get rashes from the water.

Gold mining in Ghana

The bowls are lowered into the water and shaken from left to right. This causes the gold, which is heavy, to sink to the bottom. The soil at the top, which is lighter, is swept away.

Gold mining in Ghana

The remaining gold is transferred to a smaller bowl and taken to be sold. Children earn an average of 5 Ghanaian Cedis a day, which is the equivalent of £1.50. But if they don’t find gold, they work the entire day for nothing.

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